Bamboo Fibre: Properties, Processing Flowchart and Application

What is Bamboo Fibre?
Bamboo fibre is a type of natural fibre made from the pulp of bamboo plants. It is also called regenerated cellulose fibre. Bamboo fibre is known for its softness, durability, and moisture-wicking properties, and is becoming increasingly popular as a sustainable and eco-friendly alternative to traditional textiles made from cotton and synthetic materials such as clothing, bedding, towels, and more.

Bamboo Fibre
Fig: Bamboo Fibre

Bamboo is one plant with high cellulose content in their barks. With suitable technology, the cellulose from the bamboo barks are extracted and made into fibre. The specialty of this fibre is its natural antibacterial properties. It is produced mainly in China as the country holds a patent for this method of bamboo fibre production. Bamboo grows quickly in a variety of climates taking three to five years to mature fully which makes it a very sustainable and versatile material. Bamboo is a member of the grass family.

Properties of Bamboo Fibre:
Bamboo fibre has a number of properties that make it a popular choice for textiles and other products:

1. Softness: Bamboo fibre is known for its soft, silky feel, which makes it ideal for clothing and bedding.

2. Durability: These fibres are strong and durable, making them suitable for use in towels and other household items that see frequent use.

3. Moisture-wicking: They are highly absorbent and have excellent moisture-wicking properties, making them ideal for use in athletic wear and other clothing that is worn in warm, humid conditions.

4. Antibacterial: Bamboo fibre naturally contains an antimicrobial agent called bamboo-kun, which makes them resistant to bacteria, mold, and mildew.

5. Sustainable: Bamboo is a fast-growing plant that can be harvested without damaging the environment, making it a more sustainable alternative to traditional cotton.

6. Eco-friendly and Biodegradable: Bamboo fibres are biodegradable, which means that they can be broken down by natural processes after they are discarded, reducing their impact on the environment.

7. Hypoallergenic: These fibres are naturally hypoallergenic, making them ideal for people with sensitive skin.

8. UV protection: Bamboo fibres have been shown to provide some protection against ultraviolet (UV) rays, making them ideal for outdoor clothing.

9. Breathable: Bamboo fibre is naturally breathable, allowing air to circulate and helping to regulate body temperature, making them ideal for clothing worn in warm weather.

Flowchart of Bamboo Fibre Processing:
Here is a general flowchart that outlines the steps involved in the processing of bamboo fibre:

a) Harvesting: Bamboo plants are harvested at the right time to ensure that the fibres are of good quality.

b) Cutting: The bamboo stalks are cut into smaller pieces to make the extraction of fibres easier.

c) Retting: The cut bamboo stalks are left in water to decompose, which helps to loosen the fibres from the woody part of the plant.

d) Separating Fibres: The fibres are separated from the woody part of the plant by hand or using a machine.

e) Scraping: The fibres are scraped to remove any remaining impurities and to smooth them out.

f) Washing: Bamboo Fibres are washed to remove any remaining dirt or impurities.

g) Drying: Fibres are dried to remove any residual moisture.

h) Spinning: The dried fibres are spun into yarn, which can be woven into fabric.

i) Weaving: The spun yarn is woven into fabric, which can be made into a variety of different textile products.

j) Finishing: The fabric can be treated with a range of chemical or physical treatments to give it specific properties, such as softness, moisture-wicking, or UV protection.

Application / Uses of Bamboo Fibre:
The fabric from bamboo is softer and shows high absorbency and anti-microbial property. It makes almost 99% of Panda’s diet. The fibres are used in the papermaking industry, especially high-grade hand-made quality. Being hollow, bamboo is very popularly used in musical instruments. Bamboo filters are used in removing salt from salt water. It is used in construction as reinforcement to concrete. However, in this case, it should be treated to resist insects and rotting. In Japan and China, laminated floorings are made from bamboo fibers.

Bamboo fibre is a versatile and sustainable material that can be used in a variety of applications, including:

1. Textiles: Bamboo fibre can be used to produce a range of textile products, such as clothing, jumpers, underwear, T-shirts, socks, pyjamas, bed sheets, towels, and bathrobes. Its natural softness, absorbency, and antibacterial properties make it ideal for clothing items that come into contact with the skin.

2. Home textiles: Home textiles, such as curtains, tablecloths, and dish towels are manufactured from bamboo fibers.

3. Hygiene products: Bamboo fibre is used in a range of hygiene products, including facial tissues, baby wipes, and feminine hygiene products such as sanitary napkins, medical swabs due to its softness and absorbency.

4. Personal care products: It can also be used to produce personal care products, such as toothbrushes, makeup remover pads, and washcloths.

5. Building materials: Bamboo fiber is used in the construction industry as a sustainable alternative to traditional wood products.

6. Agricultural products: It is used in agricultural products, such as plant pots and erosion control matting, due to its strength and biodegradability.

7. Rugs and carpets: It can also be used to produce rugs and carpets due to its softness and durability.

8. Mattresses and pillows: Bamboo fibre can be used in the production of mattresses and pillows for its hypoallergenic and breathable properties.

9. Biodegradable products: These fibres are biodegradable, which makes it a sustainable alternative to petroleum-based plastics for the production of biodegradable products, such as straws, cutlery, and containers.


  1. Principles of Spinning: Fibres and Blow Room Cotton Processing in Spinning by Ashok R. Khare
  2. Fibres to Fabrics by Bev Ashford
  3. Textile Raw Materials By Ajay Jindal and Rakesh Jindal
  4. The Substrates – Fibres, Yarn and Fabric by Mathews Kolanjikombil

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