What is Embroidery Stitch?
An embroidery stitch is a specific technique used to decorate fabrics by creating designs and patterns with thread or yarn. Each embroidery stitch creates a unique visual effect, and different stitches are used to create different types of designs.
Embroidery stitches can be classified into two main categories: surface stitches and filling stitches. Surface stitches are stitches that are worked on the surface of the fabric, such as the running stitch, backstitch, cross-stitch and chain stitch. Filling stitches are stitches that are used to fill in an area of the fabric, such as the satin stitch, seed stitch, and stem stitch.
Each embroidery stitch has its own characteristics, such as the type of thread or yarn that can be used, the type of fabric that is suitable, the level of difficulty, and the final look of the stitch.
Embroidery stitches have been used for centuries to decorate fabrics, clothing and other materials. They are an important part of textile art, and different cultures have their own styles and techniques of embroidery.
Some of the most common types of embroidery stitches are described in this article.
Types of Embroidery Stitches:
- Running stitch
- French knots
- Blanket stitch
- Chain stitch
- Lazy daisy stitch
- Bullion knot
- Satin stitch
- Feather stitch
- Couching stitch
- Bead embroidery
- Tambour embroidery.
Above embroidery stitches are described below:
1. Running stitch: A simple and basic stitch used to create lines and outlines. It is done by bringing the needle up at one point, then down at another point, creating a continuous line.
2. Backstitch: A strong and durable stitch that creates a solid line. It is done by bringing the needle up at one point, then back down at the point before, and then up again at the next point, creating a continuous line of stitches that overlap each other.
3. Cross-stitch: A popular stitch used to create geometric patterns. It involves making an “X” shape with the thread by crossing the needle over itself.
4. French knots: It creates a small knot on the surface of the fabric. It is done by wrapping the thread around the needle several times and then bringing the needle back through the fabric.
5. Blanket stitch: It is used to edge blankets, towels, and other items. It creates a raised edge on the fabric and is done by making a series of stitches that loop through the edge of the fabric.
6. Whipstitch: A versatile stitch used for both decorative and functional purposes. It is done by bringing the needle up at one point and then down at the next point, creating a continuous line of stitches that look like a whip.
7. Chain stitch: A decorative stitch that creates a chain-like pattern. It is done by bringing the needle up at one point, then down at another point, and then back up at the next point, creating a loop of thread that looks like a chain.
8. Lazy daisy stitch: It is a decorative stitch which is used to create flowers and other decorative shapes. It is done by bringing the needle up at one point, then down at another point, and then back up at the next point, creating a loop of thread that looks like a daisy.
9. Bullion knot: A decorative stitch that creates a knot-like shape. It is done by wrapping the thread around the needle several times and then bringing the needle back through the fabric.
10. Satin stitch: This stitch is used to fill in areas with a smooth and even surface. It is done by making a series of closely spaced stitches that are worked in the same direction.
11. Feather stitch: It is used to create a feather-like pattern. It is done by making a series of diagonal stitches that are worked in opposite directions.
12. Couching stitch: A decorative stitch used to attach a decorative thread or yarn to a fabric surface. It is done by laying the thread or yarn on the fabric surface and then securing it in place with small stitches.
13. Bead embroidery: A decorative technique that involves attaching beads to fabric using stitches.
14. Tambour embroidery: A technique that uses a hook to create chain stitches on the fabric surface. It is commonly used in haute couture and other high-end fashion.
Uses of Embroidery Stitches:
Embroidery stitches are used to decorate fabrics and other materials, and can be used for a variety of purposes, including:
a) Clothing and fashion: Embroidery stitches are often used to add a decorative touch to clothing, such as on the hemline or cuffs of a shirt, the collar of a dress or on a jacket.
b) Household linens: They can be used to decorate household linens, such as tablecloths, napkins, and pillowcases.
c) Embroidery art: Embroidery stitches are used to create beautiful and intricate designs, as in traditional hand-embroidered artworks like samplers and wall hangings.
d) Quilts and textile art: Embroidery stitches can be used to decorate quilts, and other types of textile art, such as tapestries and rugs.
e) Personalized gifts: Embroidery stitches can be used to create personalized gifts, such as monogrammed towels, handkerchiefs, or bags.
f) Home decor: Embroidery stitches can be used to decorate curtains, cushions, and other home decor items.
g) Religious and ceremonial items: Those can be used to decorate religious and ceremonial items, such as altar cloths, vestments, and religious banners.
h) Repair and mending: Embroidery stitches can be used to repair or mend clothing and other textiles.
i) Traditional folk art: These have been used for centuries in traditional folk art, such as in the creation of traditional costumes, bags, and other household items.
- Stitch Encyclopedia: Embroidery: An Illustrated Guide to the Essential Embroidery Stitches by Bunka Gakuen
- Apparel Manufacturing Technology By T. Karthik, P. Ganesan and D. Gopalakrishnan
- Garment Manufacturing Technology Edited by Rajkishore Nayak and Rajiv Padhye