Difference between Lining and Interlining

What is Lining?
Lining refers to an inner layer of fabric which is sewn with garment, typically to provide a smooth and finished appearance, enhance comfort, or improve the drape of the outer fabric. Basically linings are usually used for a functional purpose of a garment rather than a decorative.  Lining is used to help hide the inner construction details of a garment. Linings are commonly used in different types of clothing, such as jackets, coats, skirts, and dresses. Different types of fibers such as silk, polyester, cotton, rayon, or a composite of fibers, can be used to create lining fabrics.

Difference between Lining and Interlining
Fig: Difference between Lining and Interlining

What is Interlining?
One separate type of fabric (other than the body fabric), which is used between two layers of original fabrics in order to keep some of the parts or components of a garment fair, strong and attractive and also for retaining the actual shape is called interlining. Interlining is mainly placed in between two layers of fabrics like a sandwich. Interlining is a fabric added to a garment when more warmth is needed, like in a winter coat. Generally interlining is used in the parts of the garments like collar, cuff, waistband, facing, front part of a coat etc.

Mainly interlining is of two types, such as sewn interlining and fusible interning. The interlinings which are joined by sewing with the original fabric of the garments are called sewn interlining. The interlinings which are joined by heat and pressure with the original fabric of the garments are called fusible interlining.

Difference between Lining and Interlining:
Lining and interlining are two components commonly used in garment construction, particularly in the context of sewing and tailoring. Difference between Lining and Interlining are given in below table.

Sl/No Lining Interlining
1 It is used inside of garments or garment components. It is used between two layers of fabric.
2 It is attached by sewing. It is attached by sewing or application of heat and pressure.
3 Finishing is not necessary Sometimes finishing is necessary to improve its properties. For example, shrink resist finish. Crease resists finish.
4 No coating is used. Coating is used.
5 It can be replaced or removed for repair or style changes. It is typically not easily removable or replaceable.
6 Cotton, silk, wool, polyester, etc. fibers are used in lining. Cotton, nylon, polyester, viscose, etc. fibers are used in interlining.
7 No classification. It is of two types:

  1. Sewn interlining.
  2. Fusible interlining.
8 It is used to increase hang and comfort of garments. To support, reinforce and control areas of garments and to retain actual shape.
9 It is often visible when the garment is worn or may be hidden. It is usually not visible as it is sandwiched between layers.
10 Lining fabrics are usually slippery and silky. Interlining can be used canvas flannel and non-woven fabric.
11 It is used in coat, rain coat, over coat, pocket flap, kids garments, jacket, etc. It is used mainly in collar, cuff and front of
jacket, waistband and front part of coat.

You may also like:

  1. Lining in Garments: Function, Types and Uses
  2. Interlining in Garments: Types, Function and Application

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